As usual every summer, millions of people can enjoy one of the most beautiful shows in the universe. star meteor from Perseids Or “Lagrimas de San Lorenzo”, as it is also known, has crossed the night sky since July 17 and will be visible until August 24, 2021, and will present its highest point in the last hours of August 11-14.
What are Perseids?
He meteor shower It has a speed of 50 km / s, and its activity rate can reach 200 meteors per hour.
According to the information received from Country, this phenomenon was first dated in the year 36, but only until 1835 did it receive the name that we know today.
It happened when an astronomer of Belgian origin saw in the sky a point located in the constellation Perseus, and from where several light sources scattered as rain, what was determined in fact were small fragments of dust and rocks left by the kite. Swift Tuttle, that melted with the heat of the sun.
About this comet, which has a diameter of 26 kilometers and was discovered in 1862, is known to complete an orbit around the sun every 133 years, and when parts of it, some smaller than a grain of sand, enter the atmosphere, they become glowing and turn into a beam of light, appearing from Earth is like a shooting star. According to experts, this year will be especially active and more than 100 meteors can be seen per hour.
for his part BBC I reported that “what happens is that every year, the Earth collides with the path of the comet’s orbit and all the debris left behind,” says astronomer Edward Plumer, of the Royal Museums in Greenwich, England.
Such wreck —Snow, dust, and rocks the size of a grain of rice — It slammed into the upper layers of the atmosphere, “blazing with amazing results, sometimes even for just a split second,” says Bloomer.
How do you see the tears of San Lorenzo?
It is also called this way, because its climax coincides with my saints San LorenzoOn the 10th of August, who was martyred on the grill and his tears were seen according to folklore in the sky in memory of his day and his martyrdom, anyone can see them without the need for any special equipment. Between 9:00 pm and midnight, those who wish to appreciate this wonderful spectacle provided by nature, should go to an open space that is secluded, dark, free from all sources of light and their gaze towards the sky.
“All you have to do to enjoy the Perseid meteor shower is find a dark, safe place away from the strong city light.” NASA said.
for this part, Astronomer Edward Bloomer said: “Treat yourself, spread a blanket and look up at the sky. It’s so relaxing” and can be seen from all over the world.
However, it is recommended to be patient when viewing this meteor, because the eyes need to adapt for a few moments to the darkness. This period takes about 20 minutes. Additionally, weather forecasts should be referenced, especially given that meteorologists have forecast bleak conditions on Wednesday for parts of North America.
“Allow your eyes to adjust to the darkness (it takes about 30 minutes), this way you will see more meteors. Also try to stay away from the phone because looking at devices with bright screens will negatively affect your night vision and therefore will reduce the number of meteors you see!” CNN.
2021 Perseid’s vision in the USA
to me broadcast centerIn this year, the best weather is expected for peak nights from the southwestern interior to the south central United States, where generally clear weather is expected.
While some clouds can create a few breaks around the Gulf Coast, there should be enough breaks to watch the falling stars.
Other parts of the continent may not be so lucky. Mostly cloudy weather is expected in the northern part and the Appalachian Mountains region, with some opportunities for stargazing in the Midwest and Canadian prairies. Although the peak night is cloudy, sky watchers will have a chance to see the falling stars.
If we can’t approach an area without light to observe the sky, we can follow meteor showers directly Online Without leaving home:
• the channel sky-live.tv The Perseids will broadcast from the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC).
• Network of Bolides and Meteorites in Southwest Europe: Jose Maria Madedo, Researcher at the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA-CSIC), will report from his Twitter account (Tweet embed) of the brightest Perseids recorded by the monitoring systems of the various observatories of the peninsula.
• NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville: From Facebook NASA Meteor Watch The Meteor Shower will also be broadcast live.
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