In order to prepare to send astronauts to Mars in the future, The US space agency began accepting applications on Friday for four people to live for a year on Mars Alpha Dione. It is a 158 square meter home on Mars, created by a 3D printer, located inside a building in Johnson Space Center in Houston.
Hired volunteers will work on a simulation mission to explore Mars that includes spacewalks, limited communications with Earth, limited food and resources, and equipment failure.
NASA has planned three of these experiments, the first of which will begin in the fall of next year.. Food will be what is commonly served in the space, and the site is not planned to have windows at this time. You will plant some plants, but not potatoes as in the movie “The Martian”. In the film, actor Matt Damon played astronaut Mark Watney, who is stranded on Mars and lives on potatoes.
“We want to understand how humans operate in it”said Grace Douglas, the scientist who led the experiments. “We are studying real-world situations on Mars.”
The registration process started on Friday, but they are not just looking for anyone. Requirements are stringent, and include a master’s degree in a scientific, engineering or mathematical field, or experience as an airline pilot. Only US citizens or people with permanent residence in the country can participate. Applicants must be between 30 and 55 years old, be in good health, not have diet problems, and not be prone to motion sickness.
This indicates that NASA is looking for people with a profile close to that of astronautsFormer Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield said. According to him, this is a good thing, because it is a better experience if the participants are the same as the people who are already going to Mars.
The search for life continues in space
In recent years, NASA has been searching for evidence that shows life on Earth isn’t the only life in the universe. Thus, for example, they tried to search for biological traces showing that Mars was not always an uninhabited planet, but that, as with Earth, there was life on its surface at some point in its existence.
In fact, the North American space agency, with the help of the Curiosity rover, recently dared to say so Most likely, Mars not only had life millions of years ago, but it is possible that it is still alive today.
According to investigations with Curiosity, the robot had landed, a few days ago, About a potential source of methaneIt is a substance produced by living organisms (microbes) in most cases.
“(The results) indicate an active emission region to the west and southwest of the Curiosity rover on the northwest floor of the crater (…) It may be a coincidence that we chose a Curiosity landing site next to a Curiosity landing site. Active methane emission,” she explained. NASA agency.
(with AP info)