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Muchas plantas medicinales fueron enterradas en contextos de ofrendas, registrados en la Ciudad Sagrada Caral y en otros centros urbanos de la civilización. Foto: ANDINA/ZAC

Peruvian Medicine Day: Caral civilization’s use of plants for medicinal purposes | News

Willow is one of several plants used in ancient Peru for its medicinal properties, according to research by archaeologist Ruth Shady Solis, Director of the Archaeological District of Caral (ZAC), Implementation Unit 003 of the Ministry of Culture, in twelve archaeological settlements of this civilization (3000-1800 BC). ).

His studies have shown that the inhabitants of the Sup Valley, organized in a hierarchical socio-political system, experimented and applied such medical knowledge as the constant use of willow, he commented About Medicine Day in Peru.

“There are many folded bundles of willow stems and leaves (Salix humboldtiana) left in different contexts and inside the pits. Residents of the area use it to relieve headaches. It is interesting to remember that the active principle of aspirin is acetylsalicylic acid, which is extracted from willow.‘, refers to ZAC in the book Karal Civilization Values: Reflections for a Good Living (2019 edition).

in investigations Plants such as mugwort, masco, and mugwort have been identified as having antirheumatic properties; Lecherita, the swallow herb, is used to treat kidney disease. Horsetail, which is a diuretic. pega pega, a powerful UN cleaner.

Others are mallow (laxative, diuretic and diaphoretic). ancojacha (infusion for washing wounds); Ashera (treatment of burns, a topical analgesic for the leaves and a diuretic for the roots); It is also used to treat skin diseases. very The use of guava and alpaca has been recognized for their healing properties.

According to the evidence found in the excavations, It is known that the Karal community, by performing genetic experiments, has produced plants with fruits of better quality and size and greater resistance to pests. With this management, higher production was obtained, both in nutrients and in products for exchange with the inhabitants of the coast and other ecological lands.

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On the 5th of October every year, Peruvian Medicine Day is celebrated, a fair and worthy tribute to such a representative figure as Daniel Alcides Carrón García, national hero, martyr and teacher of Peruvian medicine.

The Karal Archaeological District He extends his compliments to professionals from various fields of medicine who contribute to healthcare and the development of technologies to care for the population.
ZAC, in compliance with all provisions of the Executive Branch, has since March 2020, ordered the implementation of biosafety protocols to protect the health of its collaborators and residents who come to visit the urban centers of Caral: Ciudad Sagrada de Caral, Rough and Vechama. This action has led institutions to identify them with Sello safe trips.